tag ‘nahost’
Lebanese triumph for LGBT community March 5, 2014 | 09:23 pm

A Lebanese judge made a historic ruling for the under-fire Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender (LGBT) community in the country when he acquitted an unidentified transgender woman accused of having sexual relations with men.

 “People living with a disorder regarding their sexual identity, even if they stray away from the rules and the familiar, will remain part of nature which they have come from,” Judge Naji al-Dahdah of the Jdeideh Court said in a January 28 ruling published earlier in March in Al-Moufakkira al-Qanouniya NGO’s monthly magazine.

 In his ruling, Dahdah added that “doing something out of the ordinary does not mean that it is an abnormality. And nature is not defined by the behavior of its majority.”

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Feb 6th: Many media reports on our work and FGM in Asia February 7, 2014 | 09:35 pm

On February 6th, the eleventh international Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation, a number of media outlets have picked up on the topic of Female Genital Mutilation in Asia. Many non-governmental und international organizations tackling FGM, including the World Health Organization, still don’t mention the existence of FGM in many Asian countries. Breaking the silence is a first step to saving millions of girls in these countries from being mutilated. WADI and Hivos stressed this in their press declaration on this year’s February 6th. Therefore, we are happy that many journalists have now brought out this message. In several cases Stop FGM Middle East and WADI were able to provide information.

Al Jazeera Turkey came to Wadi’s office in Suleymania in North Iraq and spoke with victims of FGM. The film also describes the situation in Iraqi Kurdistan and the successful campaign against FGM.

De Vokskrant, the largest newspaper of the Netherlands also reported on the work of Wadi in Iraqi Kurdistan on February sixth. On February 7th, they ran a long story on FGM in Indonesia, underlining the importance to stop ignoring the brutal tradition in Asia.

Y-Magazin, an Omani English language culture and lifestyle magazine, ran a large feature article on FGM in Oman quoting the activist Habiba al Hinai, presenting her study and mentioning Stop FGM Middle East mission in Oman.

The Iraqi Kurdish channel KNN interviewed Wadi’s women project coordinator Souaad Abdelrahman in Suleymania. And the Kirkuk Torture Center published a declaration condemning FGM.

Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation; Action in Asia is needed February 5, 2014 | 06:01 pm

By HIVOS and WADI; The Hague, Suleimania 5 February, 2014.

On the fourth official International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female genital mutilation (FGM), the practice is far from being eradicated. While the numbers of mutilated girls are decreasing in Africa after decades of concerted efforts, large regions where FGM is practiced are entirely neglected in this worldwide battle. This is particularly true for Asia. The practice is widespread in Indonesia and Malaysia, it exists in Iran, Iraq,  and Jordan. In several countries of the Arabian peninsula FGM is practiced by relevant parts of the population.

These countries need to make an effort to fight FGM among their population. We also call upon Indonesia and Malaysia, where the practice is legally carried out in hospitals, to ban FGM and initiate a strong campaign against it. In some Arab countries and Iran the practice is not legal in hospitals, yet governments shy away from tackling the issue. As a first step reliable studies must be conducted and a campaign initiated. In some countries authorities must stop censuring voices that talk about FGM.

In Europe FGM deserves far more attention. The United Kingdom has seen an immense campaign this last year against the practice common among several migrant communities in Britain. France has taken some action. Yet, little to no campaigning has been seen in other European countries – even though migrant communities known to practice FGM are present in most European countries. It is more than likely that some have kept their tradition and practice FGM in their new homeland – just as has been found out for Britain. FGM can certainly not be viewed as a solely British problem. Governments and politicians all over Europe need to take initiative.

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‘Boycotting harms both Palestinians and Israelis’ February 3, 2014 | 11:22 am

The SodaStream factory is situated in a site that belonged to the Israeli Military Industry up until 18 years ago. When the company first began its operation, no one spoke of boycott, and Palestinians from the area – like today – were quick to find employment there.

“Those who seek to help the Palestinians end up hurting us,” said Nabil Bashrat, 40, resident of Ramallah who works at the factory.

 ”(The factory) provides income to hundreds of families, entire villages. Peace is what happens here inside, and not outside. Those who are abroad don’t understand the relations and actually sabotage the process. The factory draws us closer. Even in times of instability, as was during the war in Gaza, everything was as usual here.”

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Synonyms for failure January 27, 2014 | 10:21 pm

Hussain Abdul-Hussain about Obama’s Middle East policy:

Since 2009, Obama’s foreign policy has moved from one failure to the next. The only thing that Obama and his team have perfected is the art of giving their do-nothing policies names: “Reset” with Russia, “Engagement” with Assad, “Grand Bargain” with Iran, “Pivot” toward Asia, and now “Political Process” in Geneva.

 All of these are mere synonyms for failure.

How women should dress January 9, 2014 | 01:02 am

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Comeback of Al Qaida December 28, 2013 | 07:42 pm

The revival of al-Qaeda in Iraq is in some ways the most terrifying. The so-called “Islamic State of Iraq” has been carrying out an average of almost 1,000 murders per month, mainly by suicide bombings. This means that the group is able to dispatch at least one or two suicidal lunatics bent on the mass murder of Shiites every day. The fact that they probably come from all over the Muslim world is beside the point: the salient issue is the seemingly endless supply of suicidal/homicidal maniacs imbued with this ideology who are willing to kill and die for it without any clear or rational strategy.

 Given the horrifying breath, diversity, and adaptability of al-Qaeda-style political extremism in the Middle East – and the fact that every time it appears on the brink of oblivion, it reemerges, not only in one form or another, but increasingly in competing manifestations in the same place – several disturbing conclusions are strongly suggested.

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Worst of an Age December 27, 2013 | 01:28 pm

Whatever happens, Syria has become a blemish on the region and the world, a moveable atrocity that daily demolishes the moralistic pretensions of an international order supposedly built on a foundation of norms and values. Like the Spanish civil war, the war in Syria has come to define the worst of an age, and perhaps foreshadow new nightmares ahead. This was what Obama once called “someone else’s civil war.” Even in their terrible trial, the Syrians must suffer fools.

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Keine Mavi Marmara wird kommen December 26, 2013 | 12:43 pm

Diesen Palästinensern wird keine Mavi Marmara zur Hilfe kommen,  niemand wird für sie demonstrieren und Yarmouk wird auch nicht in deutschen Feuilleton mit dem Warschauer Ghetto verglichen werden, seine eingeschlossenen Bewohner werden schlicht von den Falschen ausgehungert und bombardiert. Da hilft auch kein Aufruf der UNRWA.

The United Nations’ Palestine refugee agency UNRWA warned that the lives of thousands of Palestinian refugees in Yarmouk camp in Damascus were at risk due to the ongoing siege of the camp by Syrian regime forces.Commissioner General of UNRWA Filippo Grandi said that “humanitarian conditions in the besieged refugee camp of Yarmouk are worsening dramatically and that we are currently unable to help those trapped inside.” He stressed that if the situation was not addressed soon, “it may be too late to save the lives of thousands of people including children.”

Palästinenser, die in Syrien umkommen, und das sind inzwischen fast 2000, sterben eben, geht’s um die Sichtweise der hiesigen Palästinasolidarität, für die falsche Sache. Und das Tag für Tag:

Five Palestinians were also killed across Syria on Friday in separate incidents linked to the armed conflict, including two who died under torture in Syrian regime prisons.
Mohammad Ahmad Mashour from al-Nayrab refugee camp died on Friday early morning amid shelling on Hanano neighborhood of Aleppo.

In Yarmouk, da sieht es heute inzwischen so aus:

 

 

Torturing Children December 22, 2013 | 11:08 pm

Amnesty International accused Bahrain on Monday of torturing children who have been arrested on suspicion of participating in Shiite anti-government protests.

“Children are being routinely detained, ill-treated and tortured in Bahrain,” the rights watchdog said.

It claimed that scores of children, including some as young as 13, “were blindfolded, beaten and tortured in detention over the past two years.”

“By rounding up suspected under-age offenders and locking them up, Bahrain’s authorities are displaying an appalling disregard for its international human rights obligations,” said Said Boumedouha, Amnesty’s deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa.

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Falscher Eindruck November 23, 2013 | 05:17 pm

In einem Artikel ueber weibliche Repraesentanten der Kurdischen Regionalregierung wird Bayan Sami Abdul Rahman zitiert:

“One positive thing in Kurdistan is that we admit we have problems and we have rights activists (…) But this gives the impression to the world that we have more violence than in other places,” she added.

Damit weist sie auch einen wichtigen Punkt hin.  Ueberall im Nahen Osten gibt es uebelste, oft sogar religioes oder staatlich legitimierte, Gewalt gegen Frauen, sog. Ehrtoetungen, Zwangsverheiratungen, Vergewaltigungen und andere Formen sexualisierter Gewalt, um nur einige zu nennen.

In wenigen Laendern nur, dringen solche Informationen an die Oeffentlichkeit, werden gar von der Justiz verfolgt. Lieber verschweigt man sie, redet sie schoen, kehrt sie unter den Teppich.

Wer also ueber Gewalt gegen Frauen berichtet, so heisst es oft, ausgerechnet diese Laender seien besonders schlimm. Das aber stimmt eben nur teilweise. Vor zehn Jahren etwa galt Genitalverstuemmelung in Irakisch-Kurdistan nicht als Gewalt gegen Frauen, wurde deshalb statistisch auch gar nicht erfasst. Erst 2011 Verbot ein Gesetz die Anwefung koerperlicher Gewalt gegen Frauen in der Ehe.

In Europa etwa gilt Schweden als das Land mit der hoechsten Rate an Gewalt gegen Frauen, vor allem deshalb weil in dem skandinavischen Land sexualisierte und andere Gewalt sehr breit definiert wird, weshalb auch Taten dokumentiert werden, die in anderen Laendern nicht Gewalt aufgefasst und damit erfasst werden.

Depressionslandschaften November 10, 2013 | 09:53 am

The Middle East and North Africa suffer the world’s highest depression rates, according to a new study by researchers at Australia’s University of Queensland — and it’s costing people in the region years off their lives.

The study, published this week in the journal PLOS Medicine, used data on the prevalence, incidence and duration of depression to determine the social and public health burden of the disorder around the world. Globally, they found, depression is the second-leading cause of disability, with slightly more than 4 percent of the world’s population diagnosed with it. The map at the top of this page shows how much of the population in each country has received a diagnosis of clinical depression.

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Weibliche Genitalverstümmelung im Diskurs October 26, 2013 | 06:45 pm

Geht es um Genitalverstümmelung, mag man in manchen Expertenkreisen die Islam-Auslegung und Sunnah-Exegese nicht länger den Gläubigen und Religionsgelehrten überlassen:

Menschen, die annehmen, dass die weibliche Beschneidung zur Sunna des Propheten gehört, verweisen auf einen Ausspruch Mohammeds, der einer Beschneiderin zwar erlaubt die Praktik weiterhin anzuwenden, aber sie anweist nur wenig wegzuoperieren. Es lässt sich kaum eine ausdrückliche Befürwortung der Praxis durch den Propheten aus diesen Worten ableiten.

Doch, es lässt sich, ganz prima sogar. Aber die Realität vor Ort schert Anna Kölling, die auch ein Buch zum Thema mit dem bezeichnenden Titel “Weibliche Genitalverstümmelung im Diskurs” verfasst hat, offenkundig wenig. Was zählt, ist der Diskurs. Der füllt sich alsdann mit dem Lieblingsnarrativ deutscher Orientalisten, Kulturrelativisten und Islamisten: Der Islam ist rein, die Menschen kennen oder befolgen ihn nur nicht richtig, und außerdem ist der Westen auch nicht besser.

Die Tatsache, dass weibliche Genitalverstümmelung in der westlichen Welt praktiziert wurde und ebenso unter koptischen Christen in Ägypten verbreitet ist, spricht gegen die Behauptung eines rein islamischen Ursprungs der Praxis.

Ich meine, wir sollten dringend mal nachprüfen, ob die offenkundig sehr erfolgreichen Konzepte zur Bekämpfung von Genitalverstümmelung in Deutschland nicht auch auf heute betroffene Länder anwendbar sind. Spaß beiseite, die Autorin ist nämlich dem wahren Ursprung von FGM dicht auf der Spur:

Ägyptische Aktivistinnen und Wissenschaftlerinnen sehen den eigentlichen Grund für die Verstümmelung weiblicher Genitalien im Wunsch nach der Kontrolle weiblicher Sexualität.

Diese Binsenweisheit wird immer wieder dann vorgebracht, wenn man vom Islam nicht sprechen mag. Es wird ein Widerspruch konstruiert, der keineswegs der Sache geschuldet ist. Worin schließlich sonst liegt die systematische Diskriminierung der Frau nach islamischem Recht begründet, wenn nicht “im Wunsch nach der Kontrolle weiblicher Sexualität”?

Ähnlich fruchtlos (zumindest im nahöstlichen Raum) sind Spekulationen, ob Genitalverstümmelung eher religiösen oder eher kulturellen Normen folge, wenn die Befragten den Unterschied nicht zu sagen wissen. Wird als weitere Alternative nach sozialem Druck gefragt, ist die Konfusion perfekt, denn alles ist durchaus zutreffend. Religion ist Kultur ist sozialer Druck ist Wunsch nach der Kontrolle weiblicher Sexualität. Und vice versa.

Es kann aber nicht sein, was nicht sein darf, also mault die Expertin ex cathedra:

Die Tatsache, dass der erfüllten Sexualität von Frau und Mann im Islam größte Wichtigkeit beigemessen wird, widerspricht der Annahme, dass es sich bei der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung um eine religiöse Tradition handelt.

Why Muslims should love secularism October 22, 2013 | 11:01 pm

Muslims should love secularism. But very few of them do, largely because they misunderstand what it stands for and would mean for them.

Secularism as an English term – in contrast to the French concept of laïcité – simply means the neutrality of the state on matters of faith. This bears almost no resemblance to the way in which most Arabs understand the term, whether translated as ‘almaniyya, ilmanniyya, or even dunyawiyya.

 Secularism has become strongly associated in the Arab and broader Muslim worlds with atheism, iconoclasm, and anti-religious attitudes and policies. And in the process, one of the most important pillars of building tolerant, inclusive, and genuinely free Muslim-majority societies has been grotesquely misrepresented and stigmatized.

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Call for Action against FGM in the Middle East October 21, 2013 | 04:05 pm

 

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Vorbild Mohammad September 9, 2013 | 01:38 pm

Das der Prophet seine Lieblingsfrau Aisha in sehr zartem Alter ehelichte und die Taten des Propheten als nachahmenswert gelten, liegt in vielen islamischen Ländern das Heiratslater von Mädchen irgendwo zwischen dem sechsten und zwölften Lebensjahr. Mit den entsprechenden Konsequenzen:

Der Tod einer 8-jährigen Kindsbraut schockiert viele Menschen auf der Arabischen Halbinsel. Die kleine Rawan ist laut Medienberichten vom Montag am vergangenen Samstag während ihrer «Hochzeitsnacht» in einem Hotel der jemenitischen Stadt Hardh gestorben.

Ihre Gebärmutter riss durch den Geschlechtsverkehr mit dem erwachsenen «Bräutigam». Bislang ist noch nicht klar, ob der Mann, ein Mittvierziger aus Saudi-Arabien, inzwischen festgenommen wurde oder nicht. (…)

Ein Mitarbeiter des Zentrums sagte der Nachrichtenagentur DPA: «Wir wiederholen nach diesem schrecklichen Fall unsere Forderung nach einem Gesetz, das für Eheleute ein Mindestalter von 18 Jahren vorschreibt.»

Islamistische Politiker hatten im Jemen schon mehrfach entsprechende Gesetzesvorlagen zu Fall gebracht. Die Verheiratung minderjähriger Mädchen ist im Jemen relativ weit verbreitet. 2008 sorgte der Fall der 10-Jährigen Nudschud Ali für Aufsehen, die vor einem Gericht in Sanaa ihre Scheidung erstritt.

Saudi Arabia outlaws domestic violence August 31, 2013 | 11:05 pm

The “Protection from Abuse” law, approved by the cabinet on Monday, is aimed at protecting people from “all forms of abuse” and offering them shelter as well as “social, psychological, and medical aid,” according to its text.

The law, approved during a cabinet meeting on August 26, came several months after a local charity launched a nationwide campaign to combat violence against women.

Saudi Arabia has often faced international criticism for lacking laws that protect women and domestic workers against abuse.

Under the 17-article bill, those found guilty of committing psychological or physical abuse could face prison sentences of up to one year and up to $13,300 in fines.

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Time to take a side August 28, 2013 | 05:10 pm

Tony Blair in a recent statement:

It is time we took a side: the side of the people who want what we want; who see our societies for all their faults as something to admire; who know that they should not be faced with a choice between tyranny and theocracy. I detest the implicit notion behind so much of our commentary — that the Arabs or even worse, the people of Islam are unable to understand what a free society looks like, that they can’t be trusted with something so modern as a polity where religion is in its proper place. It isn’t true. What is true is that there is a life-and-death struggle going on about the future of Islam and the attempt by extreme ideologues to create a political Islam at odds both with the open-minded tradition of Islam and the modern world.

In this struggle, we should not be neutral. From the threat of the Iranian regime to the pulverising of Syria to the pains of the Egyptian revolution, from Libya to Tunisia, in Africa, Central Asia and the Far East, wherever this extremism is destroying the lives of innocent people, we should be at their side and on it.

I know as one of the architects of policy after 9/11 the controversy, anguish and cost of the decisions taken. I understand why, now, the pendulum has swung so heavily the other way. But it is not necessary to revert to that policy to make a difference. And the forces that made those interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan so difficult are of course the very forces at the heart of the storm today.

They have to be defeated. We should defeat them, however long it takes; because otherwise they will not disappear. They will grow stronger until, at a later time, there will be another crossroads and this time there will be no choice.

Vom Untertan zum Staatsbürger August 25, 2013 | 02:42 pm

Kein Zufall ist es, dass es seit Jahren eine Kampagne arabischer Frauenorganisationen gibt, die »ein Gesetz für alle« fordert und dass insbesondere Feministinnen die in der Region herrschende Vorstellung von Staatsbürgerschaft scharf kritisieren. So schrieb schon vor drei Jahren Suad Joseph, dass anders als in westlichen Verfassungen, in denen das abstrakte Individuum Rechtssubjekt sei, »die meisten Verfassungen arabischer Staaten die Familie als wichtigste Einheit der Gesellschaft« definierten, die vom Mann als Patriarch repräsentiert werde. Frauen dagegen tauchten in der Regel als eigenständige Rechtssubjekte gar nicht auf, sie seien einzig über ihren familiären Status definiert.

Die scheinbar so simple Forderung nach Gesetzen, die für alle gleichermaßen gelten, nach citizenship, die das Individuum anstelle der Familie in Recht setzt, stellt das gesamte nahöstliche Staatsverständnis, sei es islamistisch, konservativ oder panarabisch, viel radikaler in Frage als jene Separatisten, denen es oft nur darum geht, in neuen politischen Entitäten altbekannte Regierungs- und Rechtsformen zu übernehmen.

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Mehr Hilfe für “unsere moderaten Alliierten am Golf” August 8, 2013 | 11:05 am

Die deutschen Rüstungsexporte in die Golfregion steuern trotz der schlechter werdenden Menschenrechtslage dort auf einen neuen Rekordwert zu. Im ersten Halbjahr 2013 genehmigte die Bundesregierung Rüstungsausfuhren mit einem Gesamtvolumen von 817 Millionen Euro in die sechs Länder des sogenannten Golfkooperationsrats. Im gesamten Vorjahr hatte das Volumen der Exportgenehmigungen für diese Region 1,42 Milliarden Euro betragen. Menschenrechtler und Oppositionspolitiker kritisieren die Entwicklung scharf.

Vortrag am 31. Juli in Berlin: Konkurrenz der Mächte, Kampf der Identitäten – Über soziale Verwerfungen und ethnoreligiöse Konflikte im Nahen Osten und die wichtigsten Akteure vor und „hinter“ den Kulissen July 26, 2013 | 08:10 am

Viel ist in den letzten Jahren des „arabischen Frühlings“ von Muslimbrüdern, Salafisten und Säkularen geschrieben und gesprochen worden, von Sunniten, Schiiten und Kopten, von Iran und Qatar, Ägypten und Syrien. Doch über das Augenscheinliche gingen Berichte und Kommentare selten hinaus, Analysen und Hintergründe suchte man vergeblich, ebenso Aussagen zu grundlegenden strukturellen sozialen oder historischen Zusammenhängen. [...]

Progress July 24, 2013 | 11:22 pm

From Yemen:

The team also voted for a quota of seats for women, with the parliamentary proposal stipulating that women must not hold seats less than 30 percent in the elected legislatures.

Keine Strategie July 21, 2013 | 12:36 pm

John McCain über die amerikanische Nahostpolitik:

“One of two things will inevitably happen. Either we get engaged and we turn this around, or Assad is able to reassert control to the point where [the administration will] make up the excuse that we can’t salvage this situation anyway,” he said. “I don’t know which result it’s going to be, but I do know with the status quo that the initiative will continue to remain with Assad.”

McCain said he also had heard that the Obama administration was urging the French government not to transfer some advanced weaponry to the Syrian rebels, such as shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile launchers. “Disgraceful,” he said.

Traveling around the region, McCain said he found widespread confusion and lament among regional leaders about the Obama administration’s Syria policy, and most leaders called on the U.S. to develop a clearer strategy and publicly announce what it intends to do.

“The reality is that there is a perceived near unanimous view that there is an absence of American leadership, and without American leadership the situation will continue to deteriorate,” he said. “The Middle East is imploding and there is a total lack of American leadership, and that over time inevitably leads to a threat to American national security.”

In Qatar, McCain met with the new 33-year-old Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, whose country has been funding and arming the Syrian opposition, including some of the more extremist elements. The emir told McCain that they were now shifting their strategy, the senator said.

“He said in the previous three weeks that they had changed the process of how they get weapons to the resistance,” McCain said. “I assumed that means working with the Americans to get the weapons to the right people. They have felt the sting of the criticism.”

In Israel, McCain met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who struck targetsinside Syriaearlier this month for the fourth time.

“Bibi is very concerned about the situation in Syria and the spillover into Israel. He’s had to launch strikes four times into Syria, and I think he sees Syria as an existential problem forIsrael,” McCain said.

In Turkey, the senator met with Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who McCain said was waiting for the Obama administration to make a decision on the way forward in Syria.

“They don’t know what America wants to do and frankly, neither do I,” McCain said.

Vortrag am 25. Juli in Berlin: Iran, Hisbollah, Syrien – Die „Achse des Widerstands“ im Kampf gegen Israel und Emanzipation im Nahen Osten July 19, 2013 | 09:41 am

Vortrag von Jonathan Weckerle Mit dem Anspruch, gegen den „zionistischen Regime“ Israel und den „imperialistischen und arroganten“ Westen radikalen „Widerstand“ zu leisten, haben sich die Islamische Republik Iran, die Hisbollah im Libanon und das Assad-Regime in Syrien lange Zeit erfolgreich profiliert. Vor den Umbrüchen im Nahen Osten konnten sie sich von den „feigen“ und „reaktionären“ arabischen [...]

Shia against Hizbollah June 19, 2013 | 10:23 am

The Hezbollah movement and its controversial intervention in the conflict in neighboring Syria are not unanimously supported by Lebanon’s Shi’ite community, affirmed the head of Lebanon’s Free Shi’a Movement, Sheikh Mohammad Al-Hajj Hassan.

Speaking exclusively to Asharq AL-Awsat, Sheikh Hassan claimed that more than 300,000 Lebanese Shi’ites oppose Hezbollah and its policies, adding that this figure is rising after the Shi’ite militia revealed itself to be nothing more than “a party of fighters and murderers following its intervention in the Syrian crisis.”

The Free Shi’a Movement is a Lebanese political group allied with the March 14 Alliance and opposed to the predominantly Shi’ite March 8 Alliance, including Hezbollah and the Amal movement.

Quelle : http://www.aawsat.net/2013/06/article55305736